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16 Nov 2013

Giant Panda in Beijing Zoo, Beijing

Beijing [北京] • 16 NOVEMBER 2013
With its black-white coat, the adorable fluffy animal is one of the most precious animals in the world. It is native to China, proudly called ‘China’s national treasure’.

Hope you like the video we recorded the best moment - Panda Poo. 

Any animative movements of the giant panda will draw wide attention and generate happiness. They are cute and cuddly with cool eye patches and dopey gestures. There are many reasons why people love them and the important one is that they are rare and endangered. It has been absolutely a perfect reason to embark on a panda adventure.
Facts :
The name of ' Panda' now refers to the giant panda but also referred to the lesser panda at the very beginning. There are two subspecies, one living in Sichuan and the other in Qinling Mountain (in Shaanxi). The files here is ready to introduce every fact of this lovely creature, its appearance, living habit, food, natural habitat.

The giant panda of today eats almost exclusively bamboo, preferring umbrella bamboo and arrow bamboo, with an occasional dessert of eggs, yams, plant bulbs, insects, fish, honey or the occasional small rodent. Their digestive system is still that of a carnivore so their bodies have not fully adapted to their current diet. Pandas in captivity have a broader diet with more fruits and veggies, rice gruel, sugar cane and fiber biscuits.

Most panda bears live high in the dense rainforests of China at 5,000-11,000 feet where the rains fall year round and the air stays laden with water. Unlike many other bears, pandas do not hibernate, though they will seek shelter in hollow trees or caves. In the winter they migrate to lower elevations. They can climb and swim.

The giant panda now only lives in a few mountain ranges in central western and south western China, mainly in Sichuan Province, and also available in Shaanxi and Gansu provinces. It is classified to be an endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). According to the official report based on 1999-2000 census, There are 1,590 that live in the wild in their natural habitats. 

In China the panda is called Da Xiong Mao, meaning giant bear cat. The pupils of their eyes instead of being round like other bears are vertical slits like the eyes of a cat. It has also been called the Spotted Bear, Bamboo Bear and Cat Bear. Another unique trait of panda bears is their voice. They often make a bleating sound similar to a lamb or kid goat. They also growl, honk, huff, croak and squeak but they do not roar.
Where to See them? Chengdu is the best place! The main captive breeding centers were built around this area. But I have never been to Chengdu, hopefully one day. 

The Giant Pandas’ mating season is only 2-4 days during March to May. If missed, they will wait till the next year. One female panda will usually breed only one baby, and it is not easy for wild pandas to have twins anyway. The lowered fertility generated the research on captive breeding. The China Conservation and Research Centre for the Giant Panda was established in 1983, jointly by Wolong National Reserve and WWF whose inspired from a panda named Chi Chi who was transferred from the Beijing Zoo to the London Zoo in 1958. The number of captive giant pandas reached 328 by the end of 2011. This is a great accomplishment.

A full size male panda weighs about 250 lbs. and stands 6 feet tall when standing. Panda's in the wild live about 20-25 years. In captivity they can live as long as 30. Pandas are solitary creatures coming together only to mate. Females usually give birth to two panda bear cubs but generally only one survives. A newborn panda weighs about 8 ounces and is about the size of a stick of butter. Cubs stay with their mums for up to 3 years though some leave the den in half that time. 1999 studies showed that only 12 pandas have been born in captivity in 60+ years and only 12% of captive-born pandas survived to a year old. Many attempts have been made to breed pandas in captivity and return them to the wild to replenish their populations. The first attempt was made in 2006 when captive bred Xiang Xiang was released. He was found dead less than a year later. It is believed he died from a fall from a tree while being chased by wild pandas.

It was a French missionary, Armand David, who let the whole world know of this unique creature. He called it white-black bear. In 1963, an American fashion designer brought the first live giant panda to the western world. 

The giant panda is China's national treasure and was regarded as the symbol of valiancy and peace. Its diplomatic career is sparkling. In Japanese history records, the court of the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907) sent two bears and seventy pieces of fur as national gift to Japan. The 'two bears' were testified to be giant pandas. American President Nixon's visit to PRC in1972 brought huge fame to the giant panda.

Articles credited to Travel China Guide. and History Of Giant Panda


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